Heat syndrome is a life-threatening disorder resulting from environmental or internal conditions that increase heat production or impair heat dissipation. Heat syndrome falls into three categories: heat cramps, heat exhaustion and heatstroke. What is the difference among the three? And what is the first aid for heat stroke that can be done by an ordinary person?
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Better know and relay the first aid for heat stroke
- Move the patient in a cool, shaded place.
- Fan air over the person if air-conditioned room is not available.
- Loosen patient’s clothing and have him lie down with both legs raised.
- Massage the person’s muscles.
- Wet a towel with water and sponge the patient’s body.
- To lower patient’s body temperature, cool rapidly with ice packs on arterial pressures points and hypothermia blanket.
- Let the patient drink water and to replace fluids and electrolytes, immediately give a balanced electrolyte drink. Observe aspiration precaution because the patient might be unconscious.
- Have the patient rested and avoid strenuous physical activity.
- Consult a physician for further management.
- Heat illnesses are easily preventable, so it is important to educate the public about the various factors that cause them. This information is especially vital for athletes, laborers and soldiers at field training.
- In order to avoid heat syndrome, take the following precautions in hot weather: rest frequently, avoid hot places, drink adequate fluids and wear loose-fitting, lightweight clothing.
- Advise patients who are obese, elderly or taking drugs that impair heat regulation to avoid overheating.
- Tell patients who have had heat cramps or heat exhaustion to increase their salt and water intake. They should also refrain from exercising until symptoms resolve, then resume exercises gradually with plenty of electrolyte-containing fluids and precautions to prevent overheating.
- Warn patients with heatstroke that residual hypersensitivity to high temperatures may persist for several months.
- Parents should be aware that young children and infants are at risk for overheating in hot weather.